Each of these herbs has a long tradition of use as a headache remedy. If you have only one or two at your disposal, adapt the recipe and use those. Each in isolation is likely to bring some relief. I have added them all here for two reasons: (1) Each plant offers its own unique profile and using all three increases our chances of getting some relief. (2) The lemon balm and peppermint help balance the bitter flavor of feverfew.
Feverfew has the most basis in research, particularly in preventing migraine headaches and reducing their severity (see the citations below), but it has also been used traditionally to reduce symptoms at onset. As for flavor, you certainly would not reach for it for a flavor experience. The mints we add may not only provide you with some headache relief, but they will also make the tincture a bit more palatable.